2015/12/8
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Biology Of Martyr Morteza Motahhari

Morteza Motahhari (31 January 1919 – 1 May 1979) was an Iranian cleric, philosopher, lecturer, and politician. Motahhari is considered among the important influences on the ideology.

He was a co-founder of Hosseiniye Ershad and the Combatant Clergy Association (Jāme'e-ye Rowhāniyat-e Mobārez). He was a disciple of Ayatollah Khomeini during the Shah's reign and formed the Council of Revolution of Iran at Imam Khomeini's request. He was chairman of the council at the time of his assassination.

Biography:

His emphasis was on teaching rather than writing. However, after his death, some of his students worked on writing these lectures and manage them in order to publish them as books. As of the mid-2008, the "Sadra Publishing" published more than sixty books of Motahhari. Nearly 30 books were written about Motahhari or quoted from his speeches.
Morteza Motahhari opposed what he called groups who "depend on other schools, especially materialistic schools" but who present these "foreign ideas with Islamic emblems". In a June 1977 article he wrote to warn "all great Islamic authorities" of the danger of "these external influential ideas under the pretext and banner of Islam." It is thought he was referring to the People's Mujahedeen of Iran and the Furqan Group (Guruh-i Furqan).
On 1 May 1979 Morteza Motahhari was assassinated in Tehran by gunshot by a member of the Furqan Fighters after leaving a late meeting at the house of Yadollah Sahabi The group acclaimed the responsibility of the assassination. The alleged assassin was Akbar Goudarzi, who founded the group, leftist Islamic group. Motahhari was the father in law of Iran's former secretary of National Security Council Ali Larijani.
It was by Motahhari's advice that Larijani switched from computer science to Western Philosophy for graduate studies.
In honor of Motahhari, a major street in Tehran (formerly Takhte Tavoos--Peacock Throne in English) was named after him. Morteza
Motahhari Street connects Sohrevardi Street and Vali Asr Street, two major streets in Tehran.

Assassination:

During Revolution, while Shapour Bakhtiyar prevented Imam Khomeini's return to Iran in 1978, Ayatollah Motahhari was the leader to manage the clergies protesters in Tehran universities’ mosque. Motahhari was one of the important person and helped Ayatollah Khomeini to organize revolutionary department. So because of these activities, he was favored by revolutionary people and was hated by anti-revolutionaries group such as Furqan group. Therefore he was killed by the Furqan group on 2 May 1979.

Awards:

UNESCO Award, 1965.

Publications:

• Monotheism
• Divine Justice
• Prophet-hood
• The Return, a book on Islamic eschatology
• Husaynian Epic
• A Journey through Nah j AL-Balagha
• A Journey through the Conduct of the Purified Imams
• A Journey through the Prophetic Conduct
• The Complete Human
• The Uneducated Prophet
• The Principles of Philosophy and the Method of Realism
• An exegesis on Mullah Hadi Sabzavari's versified summary of Mullah Sadra's Transcendent theosophy
• Imamate and Leadership
• A collection of 10 essays by Motahhari
• A collection of 20 essays by Motahhari
• A collection of 15 essays by Motahhari
• Spiritual Freedom
• An Introduction to the Qur'an
• The Future of the Islamic Revolution
• Revival of Islamic Thinking
• Sexual Ethics
• Islam and the Demands of the Modern World

• Hidden Aids in Human Life
• Man and Destiny
• Five Essays
• Education in Islam
• Ali's Attraction and Repulsion
• The Holy War of Islam and Its Legitimacy in the Quran
• Pilgrimage
• Wisdom and Warnings
• The Doctrine of the Seal of Prophet hood by Muhammad
• The Seal of Prophet hood
• Islam and Iran: A Historical Study of Mutual Services
• Anecdotes of Pious Men
• Darshaye Asfar
• Six Essays
• Erfan -e- Hafez
• Fetrat
• Ethics
• Philosophy of History
• A selection of Philosophical articles written by Motahhari
• Consists of 6 different books written about this subject
• A critic on Marxism
• Sexual Ethics in Islam and in the Western World (English)
• Interpretation of poetry of Hafez

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